Analyzing Tobacco, Alcohol, and Substance Use among Kurdish Adolescents in South Eastern Turkey: A Test of Hirschi’s Social Bonding Theory


The proposed study contributes to our understanding of social bonding theory’s explanatory power among Kurdish teenagers by focusing on its applications in a non-western, Turkish Islamic society. There is no literature testing the relationship between social bonding theory and delinquency among Kurdish teenagers. Involvement in minor delinquency is dependent variable for this research project. Findings suggest a strong relationship between the Gülen movement and Kurdish adolescents’ probability of involvement in minor delinquent activities. Several directions for future research on Hirschi’s social bonding theory are recommended and some implications are
drawn for deterring Kurdish adolescents from becoming involved in delinquent actions.

Keywords: Hirschi; social bonding theory; the Gülen movement: delinquency; Turkey

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